Up-Dated - Friday, December 06, 2013

Table of Contents
* Coveting
* Casualties
* Consequences


Overview of 1 Kings 21
1 Ahab being denied Naboth's vineyard, is grieved.
5 Jezebel writing letters against Naboth, he is condemned of
15 Ahab take possession of the vineyard.
17 Elijah denounces judgments against Ahab and Jezebel.
25 Wicked Ahab repenting, God defers the judgment.


I -Coveting                    

1Ki 21:1 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.

1Ki 20:35-43; 2Ch 28:22; Ezr 9:13,14; Isa 9:13; Jer 5:3
1Ki 18:45; Jos 19:18; Jg 6:33; 1Sa 29:1; Ho 1:4,5

2 And Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near unto my house: and I will give thee for it a better vineyard than it; or, if it seem good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money.

The request of Ahab, at first view, appears fair and honourable. But, as he most evidentially wished Naboth to alienate it finally, which was expressly forbidden and provided against in the law of God, (Le 25:14-28,) it was high iniquity in Ahab to tempt him to do it, and to covet it showed the depravity of his soul.

Ge 3:6; Ex 20:17; De 5:21; 1Sa 8:14; Jer 22:17; Hab 2:9-11 Lu 12:15; 1Ti 6:9; Jas 1:14,15
 2Ki 9:27; De 11:10; Ec 2:5; Song 4:15
Ge 16:6; 1Sa 8:6; 29:6

3 And Naboth said to Ahab, The LORD forbid it me, that I should give the inheritance of my fathers unto thee.

Ge 44:7,17; Jos 22:29; 24:16; 1Sa 12:23; 24:6; 26:9-11; 1Ch 11:19 Job 27:5; Ro 3:4,6; 6:2; 7:7,13; 1Co 6:15; Ga 6:14
Le 25:23; Nu 36:7; Eze 46:18

4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.

1Ki 20:43; Job 5:2; Isa 57:20,21; Jon 4:1,9; Hab 2:9-12
1Ki 21:3; Nu 22:13,14
Ge 4:5-8; 2Sa 13:2,4; Ec 6:9; 7:8,9; Eph 4:27; Jas 1:14


I -Casualties                  

1Ki 21:7 And Jezebel his wife said unto him, Dost thou now govern the kingdom of Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let thine heart be merry: I will give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.

1Sa 8:4; 2Sa 13:4; Pr 30:31; Ec 4:1; 8:4; Da 5:19-21
1Ki 21:15,16; Mic 2:1; 7:3

8 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth.

2Sa 11:14,15; 2Ch 32:17; Ezr 4:7,8,11; Ne 6:5; Es 3:12-15; 8:8-13
Nu 11:16; De 16:18; 21:1-9
1Ki 21:1; 2Ki 10:1-7,11

9 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

Ge 34:13-17; Isa 58:4; Mt 2:8; 23:14; Lu 20:47; Joh 18:28

10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die.

De 19:15; Mt 26:59,60; Ac 6:11
De 13:13; Jg 19:22
Ex 22:28; Le 24:15; Mt 26:59-66; Joh 10:33; Ac 6:13


I -Consequences            

1Ki 21:16 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.

2Sa 1:13-16; 4:9-12; 11:25-27; 23:15-17; Ps 50:18; Isa 33:15 Ob 1:12-14; Ro 1:32; 2Pe 2:15

17 And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,

2Ki 1:15; 5:26; Ps 9:12; Isa 26:21

18 Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, which is in Samaria: behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to possess it.

1Ki 13:32; 2Ch 22:9

19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.

Ge 3:11; 4:9,10; 2Sa 12:9; Mic 3:1-4; Hab 2:9,12
1Ki 22:38; Jg 1:7; 2Sa 12:11; 2Ki 9:25,26; Es 7:10; Ps 7:15,16 Ps 9:16; 58:10,11; Mt 7:2

This punishment, on Ahab's humiliation and repentance, was transferred from him to his son Jehoram, (ver. 29,) in whom it was literally accomplished: see the parallel texts.

20 And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found thee: because thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD.

1Ki 18:17; 22:8; 2Ch 18:7,17; Am 5:10; Mr 12:12; Ga 4:16; Re 11:10 Am 5:10; Mr 12:12; Ga 4:16; Re 11:10
1Ki 21:25; 2Ki 17:17; Isa 50:1; 52:3; Ro 7:14
1Ki 16:30; 2Ki 21:2; 2Ch 33:6; Eph 4:19



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