David Is a
Changed Man

Backslidding drags down
But Christ lifts up


Heb 13:6 "So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."
1 Sam 30:24 "For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike."

And David was a changed man


David's Failures

David had killed Goliath

David had great victory against the Philistines

David was envied and hunted by Saul and in all this …
he retained his integrity
he was protected by the Lord
he was protected by his wife
he was protected by Jonathan

Jonathan comes to him now and says that for a fact, Saul is set to kill him.

David realizes
he has lost his position in the kingdom
he has lost the praise of all the people
he has lost the availability of his best friend, Jonathan

Any of us
would have gotten down
would have dispaired
would have felt the total rejection

But none of us
are allowed to stay there

David did
David slumps badly
David starts a down hill trudge
that ends with the loss of everything


The first step down hill

When David leaves to go into hiding
he goes to Ahimelech, the priest, for help
and look at 1 Sam 21.1

1 Sam 21:1 "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?"

Ahimelech knew
that this was not normal
and something was wrong

1 Sam 21:2 "And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business…"

David lied

"… and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place."

David lied

Skip down to verse 8

1 Sam 21:8 "And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste."

David lied
One lie will lead to another.
Lying is usually the first step in the wrong direction.


Second step down hill

David leaves Ahimelech, goes down to Gath of the Philistines
because of fear
and comes across Achish their king
and when Achish asks what he is doing down there
he fakes madness
and changes his behavior
and is held in complete disrespect of the Philistines

A failure of David
David didn't have to go to the enemy
David didn't have to lose all respect
He despaired
He gave up hope
He backslid

Turn to 1 Sam 22.2


Third step in going down hill

David and his men

1 Sam 22:2 "And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men."

David did not team up with Israel's finest
He teamed up with Israel's worst
Bad Companions are never a help.

They will destroy you
Prov 13:20 "He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed."

They will lead you to shame your family
Prov 28:7 "Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous men shameth his father."

They will lead you to devour your living
Luke 15:30 "But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf."

They are unexplainable to the Lord
2 Cor 6:14 "Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?"
2 Cor 6:15 "And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?"
2 Cor 6:16 "And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people."

On several occasions David is tempted by his men
to kill Saul and somehow David manages to not take revenge.


David and Nabal

Skip down to 1 Sam 25.21

David and his men
were hold up in a desert place close to the men of Nabal
and during that time Nabal's men did not have to worry
about someone marauding their flocks
because David had his men protected them

Then, when David ran out of food
he sent some fellows to ask of Nabal
but Nabal refused
and railed on them
when David heard this …
watch his reaction ….

1 Sam 25:21 "Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good."

And then he swears
to kill every one

Nabal's wife reasons with David
and diverts his attack as he bears done on Nabal's estate

David is now giving in to fits of temper


David and his wives

Skip down to 1 Sam 25.39

1 Sam 25:39 "And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife."

David was thankful
that God had sent Abigail to stop him from killing Nabal and his whole household
but then in his zeal of the moment, he takes Abigail for a wife

But we have to remember
David is already married to Saul's daughter, Michal

It is true
that Saul had given Michal to another man while David was on the run from Saul

And we hope
that there was some kind dissolving of the marriage, because he is marrying again.

But, this is not all

Skip down to 1 Sam

1 Sam 25:43 "David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives."

Another Failure in his down hill ride to catastrophe


David goes back to the Philistines

skip down to 1 Sam 27.1

Where David begins to feel sorry for himself
despairs of his homeland, Israel
despairs of his family
despairs of living for the True God

1 Sam 27:1 "And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand."

At first
it seems like David is justified but watch what he does when he gets to the land of the Philistines

1 Sam 27:5 "And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee?"
1 Sam 27:6 "Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day."
1 Sam 27:7 "And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a full year and four months."
1 Sam 27:8 "And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt."

These people
were enemies to Israel but friends to the Philistines

1 Sam 27:9 "And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish."
1 Sam 27:10 "And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites."

David lies to Achish a second time
You remember before that this is the same king with whom he pretended to be insane.

1 Sam 27:11 "And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines."

David and his band of rebels
not all of them wicked but all of them of a bad or criminal background,
Take the lives of everyone in these villages, who could take word to Achish
about David's free lance plundering and murder

David is sliding further down hill

1 Sam 27:12 "And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for ever."

This is exactly the appearance
that David wants to portray that he is the servant of the Philistines

While all of this is going on
there are some other ties being made
Later on, David will have a son named Absalom
who will go and live in this area when he falls out with David
and marries one of their women

David's life keeps going down hill

While all of this is going on
Achish attempts to draw David into a battle with Israel.
Samuel the Prophet has died and Saul is not getting any word from God.
This is where he goes to the witch of Endor and that whole story
Meanwhile David squirms out of fighting against Israel
and goes back home to Ziklag to find that the Amalekites had come and raided the town, burned it down and hauled off everyone woman and child, and everything of value

Just like David had been doing to the towns around him
but the Amalekites had the decency not to kill everyone.

David is still going lower and lower, in a spiral of waywardness


David's Victories

Then all of a sudden in David's life
we have a string of Victories and Accomplishments
that are right on the heels of his backsliding,
the lowest point in his life.


Eulogy of Saul and Jonathon

David is Forgiving and Noble
His enemy Saul is dead in the battle we just mentioned

2 Sam 1:17 "And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:"
2 Sam 1:18 "(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)"
2 Sam 1:19 "The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!"
2 Sam 1:20 "Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph."

And he goes on,
not to run down his former enemy, but to praise him and his old friend Jonathan.

David is a changed man


Anointed in Hebron as King

David had been anointed one time before
But never came to his kingdom and now he does.

David is a changed man
What made the difference???

2 Sam 2:4 "And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah and they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul."
2 Sam 2:5 "And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have showed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him."
2 Sam 2:6 "And now the LORD show kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing."

David is being
very kind and generous in regards to Saul and those that cared about Saul.
Saul wanted David dead at any cost.

David was a changed man
What made the difference???


David made King

2 Sam 5:1 "Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh."
2 Sam 5:2 "Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel."

David is not remembered in bad light
he is a changed man and all of Israel knows there is something great in him

David is changed
What made the difference??


Victory over the Philistines

2 Sam 5:22 "And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim."
2 Sam 5:23 "And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees."
2 Sam 5:24 "And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines."
2 Sam 5:25 "And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer."

David goes out against his old friends the Philistines
and routes them from one end of their country to the other.
He has power.
He has victory.
He has popularity.
He has everything different.

David is a changed man
no longer running,
no longer hiding in caves,
no longer at the mercy of men like Nabal and Achish,
no longer leading a band of rebels.
Many of them became great men.
Many of them became the finest in Israel,
but only because …

David was a changed man
why did this happen???
Do any of us need to be changed???
It might be interesting to see how he did it.


Ark returned

2 Sam 6:15 "So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet."
2 Sam 6:16 "And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart."
2 Sam 6:17 "And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD."
2 Sam 6:18 "And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts."
2 Sam 6:19 "And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house."

David brings the Ark to Jerusalem …
in victory over the Philistines again,
in victory over the divided nation,
in victory over his personal backsliding,
in victory for God.

What a changed person


What made the difference?

Remember the story of Ziklag
turn back and watch in 1 Sam 30.6

1 Sam 30:6 "And David was greatly distressed;

when he found
his family gone and also
look at the next few words ….

… for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: …

David's army of rebels
were now rebelling against him

This is always the case
People show their true selves in times of great strain and stress.
watch in the next few words
is what comes out of him….

…but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God."

He did not slide further
He encouraged himself in the Lord.
He encouraged himself in what God can do.
He encouraged himself in God's
* insight,
* power and
* deliverance.

Heb 13:6 "So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

David was not going to rely
on lying anymore
on faking insanity anymore
on consorting with rebels anymore
on taking vengeance on the likes of Nabal anymore
on dining at the table of the enemies of God anymore

"…the Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

God hates the sin of lying
because it is a crutch to lean on
instead of God

"…the Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

God hates fakery
because it can be used as a prop to lean on
instead of God

"…the Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

God hates bad company
because they are often used in place
of His company

"…the Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

God hates for us to take vengeance,
because we will not allow Him to give everyone
exactly what they deserve.
"Vengeance is mine I will repay sayeth the Lord"

"…the Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

Shouldn't we be saying…

"…if God be for us who can be against us?"

God told Abraham

"…fear not I am thy shield and thy exceeding great reward"

Shouldn't be believe God when He says …

"…greater is He that is in you than he that is in the world"

Be that Satan or Man

Shouldn't we say?

"…in God have I put my trust"

Shouldn't we trust in God
no matter what the circumstances

Hab 3:17 "Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls:"
Hab 3:18 "Yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will joy in the God of my salvation."

Everything was gone or ruined.

Shouldn't we encourage ourselves in the Lord
David encouraged himself in the Lord his God

David went to find the Amalekites who had taken their families
And coming upon them in the evening, still celebrating their victory in Ziklag
and he and the 400 men he had with them came down on them
while they were …
eating and
drinking and
and fought with them all night
and all the next day
til it was dark.

David and his men
recovered their families and goods and came back to where we pickup in 1 Sam 30.21

1 Sam 30:21 "And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them."
1 Sam 30:22 "Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart."

Of the rebels that came to consort with David, at least some had not made much of change.

1 Sam 30:23 "Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand."
1 Sam 30:24 "For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike."
1 Sam 30:25 "And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day."

David not only shared with his tired men
but he shared with many of the people of Israel
look at the next verse …

1 Sam 30:26 "And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;"
1 Sam 30:27 "To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were in south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir,"
1 Sam 30:28 "And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa,"
1 Sam 30:29 "And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites,"
1 Sam 30:30 "And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach,"
1 Sam 30:31 "And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt."

David is a changed man

because he encouraged himself
in the Lord
and not relying
on the flesh

David kind of reminds me
of the old Western Movie
(not trying to promote Hollywood)
where the Cowboy hero and his girl friend
are in trouble with the Indians
and me and my friends walk out
after it is over
and say to each other
Roy Rogers would not have got
into all that trouble to start with
if he had paid more attention to the Indians
and not to his girl friend and song singing

The same with David,
He should have been paying more attention to God
and he would not have gotten into all that trouble.

We think that just getting close is good enough
kind of like the University of Texas
who had a player they called "Touchdown" Jones.
Jones was having trouble passing college courses
so they decided they had better test him
someone from the Athletic Dept. made the test up
with a single question
a question that involved
Social Sciences
but just a little math

The Question was …
"What is the Capital of Texas"

"Touchdown" Jones quickly replied, "Llano"
The Athletic Director said,
"Great, he passed"
the others said wait a minute,
Austin is the Capital of Texas,
and the Athletic Director said
If he would have said Austin
he would have gotten a score of 100
but he said Llano
and Llano is only 25 miles from Austin
and 25 from 100 is 75
and 75 is a passing grade

Some of us
just want to get close
to encouraging ourselves in the Lord
so we encourage ourselves in Churchy stuff
or the things of this world
but ….

Heb 13:6 "The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."



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